If not otherwise specified, the software on the CD falls under the GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE. Similar to other Open Source licenses, this means that you can copy, modify, redistribute and even resell the CD without restrictions, as long as the recipient receives the same license. The source code of the standard packages on the CD are available from their respective original providers (for example on the FTP servers at Debian, Red Hat, Mandrake).
Special components such as the Knoppix kernel or the automatic hardware detection source code can be downloaded from http://www.knopper.net/download/knoppix/ if not already available in the /usr/src directory on the CD.
Individual packages, as specified by the GPL, may fall under another license. If in doubt, the licenses can be found in the following sections, or in the help sections and the DEB-database (dpkg -p package-name) of each software package.
Operating System Distributor License for Java version 1.1 (DLJ)
SUN MICROSYSTEMS, INC. (“SUN”) IS WILLING TO LICENSE THE JAVA PLATFORM STANDARD EDITION DEVELOPER KIT (“JDK” - THE “SOFTWARE”) TO YOU ONLY UPON THE CONDITION THAT YOU ACCEPT ALL OF THE TERMS CONTAINED IN THIS LICENSE AGREEMENT (THE “AGREEMENT”). PLEASE READ THE AGREEMENT CAREFULLY. BY INSTALLING, USING, OR DISTRIBUTING THIS SOFTWARE, YOU ACCEPT ALL OF THE TERMS OF THE AGREEMENT.
"Software" means the code identified above in binary form, any other machine readable materials including, but not limited to, libraries, source files, header files, and data files), any updates or error corrections provided by Sun, and any user manuals, programming guides and other documentation provided to you by Sun under this Agreement, and any subsequent versions that Sun makes available to you hereunder. "Operating System" means any version of the Linux or OpenSolaris operating systems that manages the hardware resources of a general purpose desktop or server computer and shares these resources with various software programs that run on top of it. "Programs" means Java technology applets and applications intended to run on the Java Platform Standard Edition (Java SE platform) platform on Java-enabled general purpose desktop computers and servers.
2. License Grant.
Subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement, as well as the restrictions and exceptions set forth in the Software README file, Sun grants you a non-exclusive, non-transferable, royalty-free limited license to reproduce and use the Software internally, complete and unmodified, for the sole purposes of running Programs and designing, developing and testing Programs. Sun also grants you a non-exclusive, non-transferable, royalty-free limited license to reproduce and distribute the Software, directly or indirectly through your licensees, distributors, resellers, or OEMs, electronically or in physical form or pre-installed with your Operating System on a general purpose desktop computer or server, provided that: (a) the Software and any proprietary legends or notices are complete and unmodified; (b) the Software is distributed with your Operating System, and such distribution is solely for the purposes of running Programs under the control of your Operating System and designing, developing and testing Programs to be run under the control of your Operating System; (c) you do not combine, configure or distribute the Software to run in conjunction with any additional software that implements the same or similar functionality or APIs as the Software; (d) you do not remove or modify any included license agreement or impede or prevent it from displaying and requiring acceptance; (e) you only distribute the Software subject to this license agreement; and (f) you agree to defend and indemnify Sun and its licensors from and against any damages, costs, liabilities, settlement amounts and/or expenses (including attorneys' fees) incurred in connection with any claim, lawsuit or action by any third party that arises or results from (i) the use or distribution of your Operating System, or any part thereof, in any manner, or (ii) your use or distribution of the Software in violation of the terms of this Agreement or applicable law. You shall not be obligated under Section 2(f)(i) if such claim would not have occurred but for a modification made to your Operating System by someone not under your direction or control, and you were in compliance with all other terms of this Agreement. If the Software README file permits certain files to be replaced or omitted from your distribution, then any such replacement(s) or omission(s) shall not be considered a breach of Section 2(a).
Software is copyrighted and title to Software and all associated intellectual property rights is retained by Sun and/or its licensors. Unless enforcement is prohibited by applicable law, you may not modify, decompile, or reverse engineer Software. You may not create, modify, or change the behavior of, or authorize your licensees, distributors, resellers, OEMs, or end users (collectively, "Licensees") to create, modify, or change the behavior of, classes, interfaces, or subpackages that are in any way identified as "java", "javax", "sun" or similar convention as specified by Sun in any naming convention designation. You acknowledge that Licensed Software is not designed or intended for use in the design, construction, operation or maintenance of any nuclear facility. Sun Microsystems, Inc. disclaims any express or implied warranty of fitness for such uses.
If you exercise the license in Section 2, and Sun or a licensee of the Software (under section 4(b)) notifies you that there are compatibility issues (as determined by the applicable Technology Compatibility Kit) caused by the interaction of the Software with your Operating System, then within ninety (90) days you must either: (a) modify the Operating System in a way that resolves the compatibility issue (as determined by Sun) and make a patch or replacement version available to your Licensees who have already received the version of your Operating System that was the subject of the compatibility issue ("Your Incompatible Operating System"); or (b) cease distributing the Software and make commercially reasonable attempts to forward the notification to your Licensees who have already received Your Incompatible Operating System.
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No right, title or interest in or to any trademark, service mark, logo or trade name of Sun or its licensors is granted under this Agreement. You acknowledge and agree that, as between you and Sun, Sun owns the SUN and JAVA trademarks and all SUN and JAVA-related trademarks, service marks, logos and other brand designations ("Sun Marks"), and you agree to comply with the Sun Trademark and Logo Usage Requirements currently located at http://www.sun.com/policies/trademarks. Any use you make of the Sun Marks inures to Sun's benefit.
6. LIMITED WARRANTY.
If you received the Software directly from Sun or its authorized resellers, Sun warrants to you that for a period of ninety (90) days from delivery to you, the media on which Software is furnished (if any) will be free of defects in materials and workmanship under normal use. Except for the foregoing, Software is provided "AS IS". Your exclusive remedy and Sun's entire liability under this limited warranty will be replacement of the Software media. This limited warranty gives you specific legal rights. You may have others, which vary from state to state.
7. DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTY.
UNLESS SPECIFIED IN THIS AGREEMENT, ALL EXPRESS OR IMPLIED CONDITIONS, REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES, INCLUDING ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR NON-INFRINGEMENT ARE DISCLAIMED, EXCEPT TO THE EXTENT THAT THESE DISCLAIMERS ARE HELD TO BE LEGALLY INVALID.
8. LIMITATION OF LIABILITY.
IN NO EVENT WILL SUN OR ITS LICENSORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, CONSEQUENTIAL OR PUNITIVE DAMAGES IN CONNECTION WITH OR ARISING OUT OF THIS AGREEMENT (INCLUDING LOSS OF PROFITS, USE, DATA, OR OTHER ECONOMIC ADVANTAGE), NO MATTER WHAT THEORY OF LIABILITY, EVEN IF SUN HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. In no event will Sun's liability to you, whether in contract, tort (including negligence), or otherwise, exceed the amount paid by you for the Software under this Agreement. The foregoing limitations will apply even if the above stated warranty fails of its essential purpose. Some states do not allow the exclusion of incidental or consequential damages, so some of the terms above may not be applicable to you.
9. THIRD PARTY CODE.
Additional copyright notices and license terms applicable to portions of the Software are set forth in the THIRDPARTYLICENSEREADME.txt file. In addition to any terms and conditions of any third party opensource/freeware license identified in the THIRDPARTYLICENSEREADME.txt file, the disclaimer of warranty and limitation of liability provisions in paragraphs 7 and 8 of this Agreement shall apply to all Software in this distribution.
This Agreement is effective until it is terminated. You may terminate this Agreement at any time by ceasing distribution of the Software. This Agreement will terminate immediately without notice from Sun if you fail to comply with any material provision herein. Either party may terminate this Agreement immediately should any Software become, or in either party's opinion be likely to become, the subject of a claim of infringement of any intellectual property right. Upon termination, you must destroy all copies and cease copying and distribution of the Software. All of your obligations and any applicable limitations on your rights and remedies under this Agreement shall survive termination.
11. SOURCE CODE.
Software may contain source code that, unless expressly licensed for other purposes, is provided solely for reference purposes pursuant to the terms of this Agreement. Source code may not be redistributed unless expressly provided for in this Agreement.
12. Export Regulations.
All Software and technical data delivered under this Agreement are subject to US export control laws and may be subject to export or import regulations in other countries. You acknowledge that you have the responsibility to obtain such licenses to export, re-export, or import as may be required after delivery to you.
13. U.S. GOVERNMENT RESTRICTED RIGHTS.
If Software is being acquired by or on behalf of the U.S. Government or by a U.S. Government prime contractor or subcontractor (at any tier), then the Government's rights in Software and accompanying documentation will be only as set forth in this Agreement; this is in accordance with 48 CFR 227.7201 through 227.7202-4 (for Department of Defense (DOD) acquisitions) and with 48 CFR 2.101 and 12.212 (for non-DOD acquisitions).
Any action related to this Agreement will be governed by California law and controlling U.S. federal law. No choice of law rules of any jurisdiction will apply. If any provision of this Agreement is held to be unenforceable, this Agreement will remain in effect upon the parties' agreement to revised terms that most nearly accomplish the same effect. This Agreement is the entire agreement between you and Sun relating to its subject matter. It supersedes all prior or contemporaneous oral or written communications, proposals, representations and warranties and prevails over any conflicting or additional terms of any quote, order, acknowledgment, or other communication between the parties relating to its subject matter during the term of this Agreement. No modification of this Agreement will be binding, unless in writing and signed by an authorized representative of each party.
For inquiries please contact: Sun Microsystems, Inc., 4150 Network Circle, Santa Clara, California 95054, U.S.A.
DLJ v1.1 27APR2006ANS
The J2SE Java Runtime Environment (JRE) 1.5 allows end-users to run Java applications.
Have a look to http://java.sun.com/ for more info.
About the Sun's JAVA JRE redistribution on Knosciences
I think we can redistribute the Sun's JAVA JRE on our CDs.
Here is an extract from Sun's JRE 1.4.x license and some comments from the debian java faq. Following are my own comments on the JRE distribution on an Educational CD like KnoSciences.
An extract from SUN's JAVA license : http://java.com/en/download/license.jsp
Section : SUPPLEMENTAL LICENSE TERMS
License to Distribute Software.
Subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement, including, but not limited to the Java Technology Restrictions of these Supplemental Terms, Sun grants you a non-exclusive, non-transferable, limited license without fees to reproduce and distribute the Software, provided that
(i) we distribute the Software complete and unmodified (unless otherwise specified in you distribute the Software complete and unmodified (unless otherwise specified in the applicable README file) and only bundled as part of, and for the sole purpose of running, your Programs, the applicable README file) and only bundled as part of, and for the sole purpose of running, your Programs,
(ii) the Programs add significant and primary functionality to the Software,
(iii) you do not distribute additional software intended to replace any component(s) of the Software (unless otherwise specified in the applicable README file),
(iv) you do not remove or alter any proprietary legends or notices contained in the Software,
(v) you only distribute the Software subject to a license agreement that protects Sun's interests consistent with the terms contained in this Agreement, and
(vi) you agree to defend and indemnify Sun and its licensors from and against any damages, costs, liabilities, settlement amounts and/or expenses (including attorneys' fees) incurred in connection with any claim, lawsuit or action by any third party that arises or results from the use or distribution of any and all Programs and/or Software.
Read on the Java Debian FAQ : http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/debian-java-faq/ch5.html
22.214.171.124 Can Debian distribute JRE?
(Quoted from Gene McCulley http://lists.debian.org/debian-java/1999/debian-java-199908/msg00021.html) I don't think we can or want to distribute the JRE with Debian. The supplemental license terms of the JRE has a few very nasty clauses:
1. License to Distribute. You are granted a royalty-free right to reproduce and distribute the Software provided that you: (i)distribute the Software complete and unmodified, only as part of, and for the sole purpose of running, your Java applet or application ("Program") into which the Software is incorporated;
We might get away with this one since we distribute it together with Java applications bundled with Debian. But we also do want to allow people to download only the jre package.
(ii) do not distribute additional software intended to replace any component(s) of the Software;
But we cannot agree to this one. We want to distribute Kaffe, Japhar, Classpath, Gcj, Kopi, Fastjar, etc which are intended to replace the JRE with a Free version. Even if we don't consider non-free part of Debian (the JRE would not go into main :) I think we should not encourage software that tries to prevent Free replacements.
[?] (v) may not create, or authorize your licensees to create additional classes, interfaces, or subpackages that are contained in the "java" or "sun" packages or similar as specified by Sun in any class file naming convention;
My example why this is a bad clause was not so good since someone pointed out that you do not want to create something that is non standard. I do agree that we want a standard implementation of the core classes, but I also think that you should have the freedom to create non-standard classes. (Or fix bugs or stupid mistakes in the standard classes.)
[?] and(vii) agree to indemnify, hold harmless, and defend Sun and its licensors from and against any claims or lawsuits, including attorneys' fees, that arise or result from the use or distribution of the Program.
And I don't think that Debian (or SPI) can or wants to do that.
So I am afraid that we also cannot distribute the Sun or Blackdown JRE. This isn't that bad since it is non-free software, but it is annoying. As I said before please help one of the (many) Free Java projects out there if you want to see a Free JVM, Standard Classes, Compiler, etc. in Debian. They are far from complete but they do work for most purposes.
Knosciences comments following the Sun's license :
(i) we distribute the Software complete and unmodified and only bundled as part of, and for the sole purpose of running, JAVA Programs,
(ii) the Programs add significant and primary functionality to the Software,
(iii) we do not distribute additional software intended to replace any component(s) of the Software (We removed Kaffe, Japhar, Classpath, Gcj, Kopi, Fastjar, etc.. from Knosciences)
(iv) we do not remove or alter any proprietary legends or notices contained in the Software,
(v) we only distribute the Software subject to a license agreement that protects Sun's interests consistent with the terms contained in this Agreement, and
(vi) BECAUSE THE PROGRAM IS LICENSED FREE OF CHARGE, THERE IS NO WARRANTY FOR THE PROGRAM, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW. EXCEPT WHEN OTHERWISE STATED IN WRITING THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND/OR OTHER PARTIES PROVIDE THE PROGRAM "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE PROGRAM IS WITH YOU. SHOULD THE PROGRAM PROVE DEFECTIVE, YOU ASSUME THE COST OF ALL NECESSARY SERVICING, REPAIR OR CORRECTION. IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO IN WRITING WILL ANY COPYRIGHT HOLDER BE LIABLE TO YOU FOR DAMAGES, INCLUDING ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE PROGRAM (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF DATA OR DATA BEING RENDERED INACCURATE OR LOSSES SUSTAINED BY YOU OR THIRD PARTIES OR A FAILURE OF THE PROGRAM TO OPERATE WITH ANY OTHER PROGRAMS), EVEN IF SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
Debian do not want to distribute the JAVE JRE from Sun because they want to distribute Kaffe, Japhar, Classpath, Gcj, Kopi, Fastjar, etc … which are intended to replace the JRE with a Free version.
But we can distribute the Sun JRE if we do not distribute free remplacements for the JRE. In Education, we need to do this because a lot of great GPL'ed software can be used.
As Knosciences do not distribute free remplacements for the JRE, we redistribute the SUN's JRE on our CDs.